Epics and Folktales (Anonymous)

All links verified on or after March 15, 2017
List of Works
[Beowulf]   [Epic of Gilgamesh]   [The Mabinogion]   [The Nibelungenlied]   [The Saga of Burnt Njal]   [Sir Gawain and the Green Knight]   [The Song of Roland]   [Story of the Volsungs and Niblungs]   [Tales from the 1001 Nights]  


The Epic of Gilgamesh (between 2000-1400 BC?)
  • HTML (Indexed, 11 pg) at The Academy for Ancient Texts (Translated by Maureen Gallery Kovacs)
  • HTML (2 pg, 97KB and 146KB) at Gateways to Babylon (Translated by Robert Temple)

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  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Danny P. Jackson, illustrated by Thom Kapheim (Bolchazy Carducci, 1997, 115 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Maureen Gallery Kovacs (Stanford Univ Pr, 1989, 122 pg).
  • Paperback edition, translated by Benjamin R. Foster (W.W. Norton & Co, 2001).
  • Paperback edition, prose translation by John Harris (Writers Club Press, 2001, 105 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by John Gardner and John Maier (Random House, 1985, 304 pg).
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Beowulf (c. 725) [HC]
  • HTML (45 pages, indexed) at Bartleby.com (Translated by Francis B. Gummere)
  • HTML (Old English w/ translation; Single page, 600KB) at Representative Poetry Online (Translated by Francis B. Gummere)
  • Old English Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Lesslie Hall)

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  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Seamus Heaney (W.W. Norton & Co, 2001, 215 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by R.M. Liuzza (Broadview Pr, 2000, 248 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Ruth P.M. Lehmann (Univ of Texas Pr, 1988, 119 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Charles W. Kennedy (Oxford Univ Pr, 1978, 121 pg).
  • Paperback edition, prose translation by David Wright (Penguin USA, 1957).
  • Paperback edition, prose translation by E. Talbot Donaldson (W.W. Norton & Co, 2001).
  • Thrift Paperback edition, translation by Robert Kay Gordon (Oxford Univ Pr, 1992, 57 pg).
  • Audio CD edition, unabridged, translated by Robert K. Gordon, read by Robertson Dean (Blackstone Audiobooks, 2004).
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The Destruction of Dá Derga's Hostel (c. 900?; mss. c. 1100) [HC]
  • HTML (42 pages, indexed) at Bartleby.com (Translated by Whitley Stokes)
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The Story of the Volsungs and Niblungs (12th Century) [HC]
  • HTML (56 pages, indexed) at Bartleby.com (Translated by Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris)
  • HTML (Indexed, 65 pg) at The Medieval & Classical Literature Library (Translated by Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) of The Story of the Volsungs at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Eirikr Magnússon and William Morris)

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  • Library Binding edition, translated by William Morris (Classic Books).
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The Mabinogion (c. 1050?)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Lady Charlotte Schreiber)

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  • Paperback edition, translated by Jeffrey Gantz (Penguin, 1976, 311 pg).
  • Thrift Paperback edition, translated by Lady Charlotte E. Guest (Dover Pubns, 1997, 160 pg).
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The Nibelungenlied (c. 1200) [HTR]
  • HTML (Indexed, 41 pg) at The Medieval & Classical Literature Library (Translated by Daniel B. Shumway)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Daniel B. Shumway)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg; Rhymed English Verse in the Metre of the Original (Translated by George Henry Needler)
  • German Text File (657 KB; 228 KB zipped) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Karl Joseph Simrock)

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  • Paperback edition of German Epic Poetry : The Nibelungenlied, The Older Lay of Hildebrand, and Other Works, translated/edited by Francis G. Gentry, James K. Walter, Mark Werner, and E. Sander (Continuum, 1995, 338 pg).
  • Paperback edition, translated by A.T. Hatto (Penguin USA, 1965).
  • Thrift Paperback edition, translated by D.G. Mowatt (Dover Pubns, 2001, 240 pg).
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The Saga of Burnt Njal (13th Century) [HTR]
Also called Njal's Saga.
  • HTML (Indexed, 11 pg) at The Medieval & Classical Literature Library (Translated by Sir George W. DaSent)

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  • Paperback edition, translated by Robert Cook(?) (Penguin USA, 2002, 384 pg).
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The Song of Roland (c. 1100) [HTR,HC]
  • HTML (12 pages, indexed) at Bartleby.com (Translated by John O’Hagan)
  • HTML (4 pages, indexed) at The Medieval & Classical Literature Library (Translated by Charles Scott Moncrief; edited by Douglas B. Killings)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by C.K. Scott-Moncrieff)

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  • Paperback edition, translation by W.S. Merwin (Modern Library, 2001, 160 pg).
  • Thrift Paperback edition (Dover Pubns, 2002, 160 pg).
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Tales from the 1001 Nights (or, 1001 Arabian Nights) (c. 850?) [HC]
The earliest versions of the 1001 Nights date from the mid-9th century, but modern translations are based on a fourteenth-century manuscript.
  • HTML (Single page, 97KB) at Bartleby.com (Translations by E.W. Lane and S. Lane-Poole)

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  • Paperback edition, translated by Sir Richard Burton (Modern Library, 2001, 960 pg).
  • Paperback edition, illustrated by Rosamund Fowler (Oxford Univ. Pr Childrens Books, 2000, 288 pg).
  • Audio CD edition, unabridged, translation by Sir Richard Burton, read by Kevin Foley (Tantor Audio, 2011).
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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (Late 14th Century)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg, also includes Middle English text (Translator unknown)

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  • Paperback edition, translated by Brian Stone (Viking Press, 1987).
  • Mass Market Paperback edition, verse translation by J.R.R. Tolkien (Ballantine Books, 1988, 165 pg).
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Antigone (c. 442 BC)
Ajax (c. 440 BC)
History of the Persian War (c. 440 BC)
Alcestis (438 BC)
History of the Peloponnesian War (431 BC)
Medea (431 BC)
Oedipus the King (c. 430 BC)
The Trachiniae (c. 430 BC)
The Heracleidae (c. 429 BC)
Hippolytus (428 BC)
Andromache (428-424 BC)
The Acharnians (425 BC)
Hecuba (424 BC)
The Knights (424 BC)
The Suppliants (Euripides) (422 BC)
The Wasps (422 BC)
Heracles (421-416 BC)
Peace (Aristophanes) (421 BC)
Electra (Euripides) (420-410 BC)
The Clouds (419 BC)
The Trojan Women (415 BC)
The Birds (414 BC)
Ion (Euripides) (414-412 BC)
Iphigenia Among the Taurians (414-412 BC)
Helen (412 BC)
The Phoenician Women (411-409 BC)
The Thesmophoriazusae (411 BC)
The Bacchae (410 BC)
Electra (Sophocles) (c. 410 BC)
Iphigenia at Aulis (410 BC)
Lysistrata (410 BC)
Philoctetes (c. 409 BC)
The Cyclops (c. 408 BC)
Orestes (408 BC)
Oedipus at Colonus (c. 406 BC)
The Frogs (405 BC)
On Airs, Waters, and Places (c. 400 BC)
On Ancient Medicine (c. 400 BC)
Aphorisms (Hippocrates) (c. 400 BC)
On the Articulations (or, On Joints) (c. 400 BC)
Bhagavad-Gita (c. 400 BC)
The Book of Prognostics (c. 400 BC)
Of the Epidemics (c. 400 BC)
On Fistulae (c. 400 BC)
On Fractures (c. 400 BC)
On Hemorrhoids (c. 400 BC)
On Injuries of the Head (c. 400 BC)
Instruments of Reduction (or, Mochlicon) (c. 400 BC)
The Law (Hippocrates) (c. 400 BC)
The Oath (Hippocrates) (c. 400 BC)
On Regimen in Acute Diseases (c. 400 BC)
On the Sacred Disease (c. 400 BC)
On the Surgery (c. 400 BC)
Tirukkural (c. 400?-100? BC)
On Ulcers (c. 400 BC)
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