Epics and Folktales (Anonymous)

All links verified on or after March 15, 2017
List of Works
[Beowulf]   [Epic of Gilgamesh]   [The Mabinogion]   [The Nibelungenlied]   [The Saga of Burnt Njal]   [Sir Gawain and the Green Knight]   [The Song of Roland]   [Story of the Volsungs and Niblungs]   [Tales from the 1001 Nights]  


The Epic of Gilgamesh (between 2000-1400 BC?)
  • HTML (Indexed, 11 pg) at The Academy for Ancient Texts (Translated by Maureen Gallery Kovacs)
  • HTML (2 pg, 97KB and 146KB) at Gateways to Babylon (Translated by Robert Temple)

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  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Danny P. Jackson, illustrated by Thom Kapheim (Bolchazy Carducci, 1997, 115 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Maureen Gallery Kovacs (Stanford Univ Pr, 1989, 122 pg).
  • Paperback edition, translated by Benjamin R. Foster (W.W. Norton & Co, 2001).
  • Paperback edition, prose translation by John Harris (Writers Club Press, 2001, 105 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by John Gardner and John Maier (Random House, 1985, 304 pg).
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Beowulf (c. 725) [HC]
  • HTML (45 pages, indexed) at Bartleby.com (Translated by Francis B. Gummere)
  • HTML (Old English w/ translation; Single page, 600KB) at the University of Toronto (Translated by Francis B. Gummere)
  • Old English Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Lesslie Hall)

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  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Seamus Heaney (W.W. Norton & Co, 2001, 215 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by R.M. Liuzza (Broadview Pr, 2000, 248 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Ruth P.M. Lehmann (Univ of Texas Pr, 1988, 119 pg).
  • Paperback edition, verse translation by Charles W. Kennedy (Oxford Univ Pr, 1978, 121 pg).
  • Paperback edition, prose translation by David Wright (Penguin USA, 1957).
  • Paperback edition, prose translation by E. Talbot Donaldson (W.W. Norton & Co, 2001).
  • Thrift Paperback edition, translation by Robert Kay Gordon (Oxford Univ Pr, 1992, 57 pg).
  • Audio CD edition, unabridged, translated by Robert K. Gordon, read by Robertson Dean (Blackstone Audiobooks, 2004).
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The Destruction of Dá Derga's Hostel (c. 900?; mss. c. 1100) [HC]
  • HTML (42 pages, indexed) at Bartleby.com (Translated by Whitley Stokes)
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The Story of the Volsungs and Niblungs (12th Century) [HC]
  • HTML (56 pages, indexed) at Bartleby.com (Translated by Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) of The Story of the Volsungs at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Eirikr Magnússon and William Morris)

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  • Library Binding edition, translated by William Morris (Classic Books).
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The Mabinogion (c. 1050?)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Lady Charlotte Schreiber)

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  • Paperback edition, translated by Jeffrey Gantz (Penguin, 1976, 311 pg).
  • Thrift Paperback edition, translated by Lady Charlotte E. Guest (Dover Pubns, 1997, 160 pg).
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The Nibelungenlied (c. 1200) [HTR]
  • HTML (Indexed, 42 pg) at The On-Line Medieval and Classical Library (Translated by Daniel B. Shumway)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Daniel B. Shumway)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg; Rhymed English Verse in the Metre of the Original (Translated by George Henry Needler)
  • German Text File (657 KB; 228 KB zipped) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by Karl Joseph Simrock)

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  • Paperback edition of German Epic Poetry : The Nibelungenlied, The Older Lay of Hildebrand, and Other Works, translated/edited by Francis G. Gentry, James K. Walter, Mark Werner, and E. Sander (Continuum, 1995, 338 pg).
  • Paperback edition, translated by A.T. Hatto (Penguin USA, 1965).
  • Thrift Paperback edition, translated by D.G. Mowatt (Dover Pubns, 2001, 240 pg).
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The Saga of Burnt Njal (13th Century) [HTR]
Also called Njal's Saga.
  • HTML (Indexed, 12 pg) at The On-Line Medieval and Classical Library (Translated by Sir George W. DaSent)

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  • Paperback edition, translated by Robert Cook(?) (Penguin USA, 2002, 384 pg).
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The Song of Roland (c. 1100) [HTR,HC]
  • HTML (12 pages, indexed) at Bartleby.com (Translated by John O’Hagan)
  • HTML (4 pages, indexed) at The On-Line Medieval and Classical Library (Translated by Charles Scott Moncrief; edited by Douglas B. Killings)
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg (Translated by C.K. Scott-Moncrieff)

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  • Paperback edition, translation by W.S. Merwin (Modern Library, 2001, 160 pg).
  • Thrift Paperback edition (Dover Pubns, 2002, 160 pg).
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Tales from the 1001 Nights (or, 1001 Arabian Nights) (c. 850?) [HC]
The earliest versions of the 1001 Nights date from the mid-9th century, but modern translations are based on a fourteenth-century manuscript.
  • HTML (Single page, 97KB) at Bartleby.com (Translations by E.W. Lane and S. Lane-Poole)

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  • Paperback edition, translated by Sir Richard Burton (Modern Library, 2001, 960 pg).
  • Paperback edition, illustrated by Rosamund Fowler (Oxford Univ. Pr Childrens Books, 2000, 288 pg).
  • Audio CD edition, unabridged, translation by Sir Richard Burton, read by Kevin Foley (Tantor Audio, 2011).
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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (Late 14th Century)
  • HTML (Multi-page) at Bibliomania
  • Multi-format (HTML, EPUB, Kindle, Text) at Project Gutenberg, also includes Middle English text (Translator unknown)

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  • Paperback edition, translated by Brian Stone (Viking Press, 1987).
  • Mass Market Paperback edition, verse translation by J.R.R. Tolkien (Ballantine Books, 1988, 165 pg).
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Tirukkural (c. 400?-100? BC)
Letter to Herodotus (c. 306-270 BC)
Letter to Menoeceus (c. 306-270 BC)
Letter to Pythocles (c. 306-270 BC)
Fables (Aesop) (c. 300 BC)
Elements of Geometry (c. 300 BC)
Letter to Idomeneus (c. 270 BC)
On Conoids and Spheroids (c. 250?-212 BC)
On the Equilibrium of Planes (c. 250?-212 BC)
On Floating Bodies (c. 250?-212 BC)
Lemmas (c. 250?-212 BC)
On the Measurement of the Circle (c. 250?-212 BC)
On the Method of Mechanical Problems (c. 250?-212 BC)
On the Quadrature of the Parabola (c. 250?-212 BC)
The Sand-Reckoner (c. 250?-212 BC)
On Sphere and Cylinder (c. 250?-212 BC)
On Spirals (c. 250?-212 BC)
On Conic Sections (c. 240 BC)
The Yoga Sutras (c. 150 BC)
Orations (Cicero) (between 81-43 BC)
Letters (Cicero) (between 68-43 BC)
The Gallic War (58-50 BC)
The Civil Wars (50-47 BC)
On the Nature of Things (c. 50 BC)
The Alexandrian War (47 BC)
The African War (46 BC)
The Spanish War (45 BC)
Laelius on Friendship (or, de Amicitia) (44 BC)
On Old Age (or, De Senectute) (44 BC)
Eclogues (37 BC)
Satires (Horace) (35-30 BC)
Epodes (Horace) (c. 30 BC)
History of Rome (c. 30? BC-AD 17?)
Georgics (29 BC)
The Art of Poetry (or, Ars Poetica) (23-20 BC)
Odes (Horace) (23-12 BC)
Epistles (Horace) (c. 20 BC)
The Aeneid (19 BC)
The Secular Hymn (or, Carmen Saeculare) (c. 17 BC)
Amores (c. 10? BC)
The Art of Beauty (c. 5? BC)
Cures for Love (c. 5? BC)
Heroides (c. 5? BC)
The Art of Love (3 BC)
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